Submitted by Admin on Mon, 04/12/2021 - 20:52

Beneficiary Institute of Geosciences, Spanish National Research Council (IGEO)

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General Description

The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) is the largest public institution dedicated to research in Spain and the 3rd largest in Europe. Its aims to develop and promote research that will help bring about scientific and technological progress. Currently, the CSIC participates in 22 MSCA RISE and employs 3.764 researchers. The Instituto de Geociencias, IGEO, is one of the CSIC institutes and focuses on the conservation of geological materials present in the cultural heritage. The research group is founder of Technoheritage, the Spanish Network of Science and Technology for the Cultural Heritage Conservation, and more recently, founder of the Interdisciplinary Thematic Platform OPEN HERITAGE: RESEARCH AND SOCIETY (PTI-PAIS). The PAP Group –Petrology Applied to Heritage Conservation- coordinates the Petrophysics Laboratory of IGEO, mainly focused on non-destructive – and portable - techniques applied to Heritage Science (part of the Community of Madrid´ Laboratories Network, with an AENOR certificate for its Quality Management according to the UNE-EN ISO 9001: 2015 standard). Both the group and the lab have a long trajectory of hosting undergraduate, master and doctoral students, as well as postgraduate, postdoc and senior researchers (ca. 20 since 2008). 


Role and Profile of key people

Mónica Álvarez de Buergo (F, Responsible): PhD in Geology Tenured Scientist in the Research scale of CSIC since 2008. Current Director of the Petrophysics Laboratory of IGEO. Former Director of the Department of Geomaterials, IGEO (2013-2018) and former Technical Vice-director of IGEO. Participation in 23 research projects with national or regional funding, and in 80 research contracts for scientific and technical assistance for public or private organisms dealing with cultural heritage management and/or preservation and restoration. Co-author of two invention patents. Author of ca. 200 papers (60 SCI included). Quality indices for scientific production (according to WoK and ResearchGate) Total citations: 1209 (RG) Sum of Times Cited : 460 (WoK) Papers in Quartil 1: 22, from which 7 are Decil 1. H index: 13 (WoK) Average Citations per Item: 8.21 (WoK) Average Citations per Year : 41.82 (WoK) 14887 Reads (RG)   

Rafael Fort González (M): Senior Scientist at IGEO (UCM-CSIC PhD in Economic Geology (1985); Director of IGEO from 2006 to 2012; Coordinator of the research group Applied Petrology for to Heritage Conservation. Author of nearby 275 published works in book chapters and scientific journals (141 SCI included) and also contributor with near 285 conference communications both at a national and international level. Co-author of 3 invention patents. He participated/coordinated 30 R&D projects financed by regional, national and European institutions. He participated in 90 research contracts and agreements with private companies and public administrations. These past projects include research on decay processes and conservation methods on emblematic Spanish monuments. Academic member of 68 Postgraduate Courses from other universities . Supervisor of 10 PhD and MSc theses. 

María J. Varas Muriel (F): Lecturer at the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) in the Petrology and Mineralogy Department and member of IGEO. 20 years as a researcher in Geology and Heritage. Research focus on Petrology and Petrophysics applied to the Heritage Conservation. SCI - Scientific Publications: 50. Participation in research projects (European, National and Regional): 18 (1998-2019), Coordination of research projects (national, regional and local: 3 (2006-2015) and of the research group of the UCM Alteration and Conservation of Heritage Stone Materials. Participation in contracts / research agreements with companies and / or administration: 53 (2000-2019).      

Natalia Perez-Ema (F): Diploma in Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage (ESCRBC Madrid) in the speciality of archaeological conservation, Master in Archaeology and Heritage (UAM) and PhD in Conservation and Restoration of Building Heritage. Over 10 years of experience as a restorer specialized in archaeological conservation. She has specialized in the evaluation of restoration treatments, NDT and portable techniques for the conservation of building heritage, as well as petrology applied to cultural heritage conservation. She has published 15 papers in this topic, apart from the edition of a book, teaching at different universities and counts with several communications in international congresses. She is currently a specialist technician at IGEO, and as well as (from 2014) president of the international association Youth in conservation of cultural heritage-YOCOCU ESPAÑA.


Key Research Facilities, Infrastructure and Equipment

The Laboratory of Petrophysics is mainly focused on non-destructive – and portable - techniques applied to Heritage Science (part of the Community of Madrid´ Laboratories Network, with an AENOR certificate for its Quality Management according to the UNE-EN ISO 9001: 2015 standard). It counts with a long list of technical devices mainly focused on the petrophisical and chemical analisis. This lab is now involved in E-RIHS, the European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science initiative, being one of the offered services of the Spanish Node.


Independent research premises

Most of the research facilities belong to the Laboratory of Petrophysics and just few of the techniques used are part of the Complutense University, being an associated institution of IGEO.


Previous Involvement in Research and innovation actions

Geomateriales 2 project (Technologies and Conservation of Heritage Geomaterials, S2013/MIT_2914), funded by the Regional Program of Madrid. 2014-2018.

CLIMORTEC Project (Improvement in the design of construction mortars combining Roman technology and nanotechnology, PIA132014-1), National Plan. Society Challenges,  2015-2019.


Current involvement in Research and Innovation actions

TOP HERITAGE-CM project (Technologies in Heritage Science, S2018/NMT-4372) funded by the Community of Madrid. 2019-2022.

The group is currently involved at a national level in the CSIC Interdisciplinary Thematic Platform (PTI) called PAIS: Open Heritage. Research and Society, launched in 2019, composed of a large part of the most prestigious public research institutions in Cultural Heritage.