Beneficiary Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (CNR-ISAC)
ISAC is the largest CNR Institute on atmospheric sciences and one of the top-level Institutes of the Department of Earth System Science and Environmental Technologies. The highly multidisciplinary research of ISAC concerns with many basic aspects of atmospheric physics, chemistry and biology, which are of applicative relevance in the field of environmental protection. ISAC has a strong multi-disciplinary portfolio with links to top ranking national and international research groups. ISAC is structured in 7 Units over the country (Bologna, Lecce, Roma, Torino, Padova, Lamezia, Cagliari).
The ISAC research team involved in SCORE aims at assessing, predicting and managing the effects of natural, environmental and anthropogenic hazards on built heritage and cultural landscapes, including the impact of extreme events, mainly by: Studying the physical, chemical and biological deterioration due to the interaction of Cultural Heritage with the environment; Modelling and experimental activities aiming at the development of tools (e.g. maps of vulnerability, critical parameters, damage functions, risk indicators, forecasting systems) for the quantitative assessment of the climate change and multi-hazards impact on Cultural Heritage; Vulnerability and risk assessment of Natural and Cultural Heritage (monumental complexes, archaeological sites, terraced landscape) at diverse time/space scales and definition of strategies for its protection and safeguarding (preparedness, emergency, recovery).
Role and Profile of key people
Alessandra Bonazza (F): Geologist. Coordinator of the Research Group “Impact on Environment, Cultural Heritage and Health”, PhD in Earth Sciences applied to cultural heritage protection. Professor of Environmental Impact on Materials, Deterioration and Ageing at the University of Bologna. Principal investigator in EC Projects CARAMEL, PRODOMEA, Noah’s Ark, TeACH, NANOMATCH, SYDDARTA, EMERISDA, TECTONIC. Coordinator of the Study funded by DG-EAC “Safeguarding Cultural Heritage from Natural and Man-Made Disasters” and of the Interreg Central Europe ProteCHt2save and STRENCH. Member of the Copernicus Cultural Heritage Task Force.
Alessandro Sardella (M): Geologist. Extensive experience in environmental characterisation of contaminated sites, environmental monitoring for the preservation of the built heritage and cultural landscapes in urban and remote areas, planning and implementing field investigations, client and project management. Experience on conservation of archaeological sites of the Mediterranean Basin, Central and Mongolia. Involved in EC Projects PRODOMEA, EMERISDA, ProteCHt2save, STRENCH and TECTONIC. Member of the scientific and organisation committee of the International Summer School ENVIMAT. Member of scientific committee of the International Alliance of Terraced Landscape (ITLA).
Fernanda Prestileo (F): Conservation Scientist, PhD in Environmental Sciences. She deals with research, study and teaching on issues related to indoor deterioration processes of artworks, especially stone and paintings. Her research activity mainly aims at investigating methodologies and techniques for diagnostics and microclimatic monitoring of Cultural Heritage. Former ICCROM staff as Laboratory Coordinator. Expert of UNI for standardization in Cultural Heritage regulations. Member of ICOMOS Italy.
Claudia Calidonna (F): Physics. Head of Lamezia Terme Unit of ISAC- CNR, where she is also responsible since 2015 for the International Climate Observatory, recognised as Regional Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) Station and coordinator of “Impact on Environment, Cultural Heritage and Health”research group. Member of SC in the Joint Program of Wind Energy, European Energy Research Alliance (JPwind - EERA). PI in several projects related to impact of atmospheric physics. Her research focus on climate studies by experimental activity and modelling related to Atmosphere as complex system (flow-like landslides, beach morpho-dynamics, atmosphere dynamics, coastal atmospheric processes, atmospheric measures in-situ and remote sensing, data analysis).
Alessandro Ciarravano (M): Aerospace Engineer. He has worked in the marine and coastal field for the study of coastal fluid dynamics, flooding and dispersion of pollutants, participating in research projects and developing experimental lagrangian devices for the acquisition of marine currents (ESA POSEIDON project). Consolidated experience in the use of meteorological models both at synoptic and local scale with applications in the renewable energy and infrastructure/building sectors. In the research field he applied Computational Fluid Dynamics for the characterisation of indoor environments and for the study of microclimates; responsible for the FSA activity in FP7 GREENERBUILDINGS.
Key Research Facilities, Infrastructure and Equipment
ISAC includes 7 permanent observatories, with 2 Global Stations of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), 3 GAW-WMO Regional Stations and 2 Supersites. In addition, ISAC is directly involved in global climate modelling by the development of EC Earth system model and in satellite monitoring trough Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) of Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). ISAC laboratories are equipped for the evaluation of the atmosphere-material interactions and characterisation of heritage materials.
Independent research premises
The research facilities are owned and the research premises wholly independent from other Beneficiaries and/or TC Partner organisations in the consortium.
Previous Involvement in Research and innovation actions
- SAFEGUARDING CH Project funded by the European Commission Directorate General for Education and Culture “Study on Safeguarding Cultural Heritage from Natural and Man-made Disasters” (2016-2017)
- Red de estudios interdisciplinarios sobre medio ambiente y conservación del patrimonio mexicano. “Escenarios de riesgo para el patrimonio en México: causas ambientales involucradas en su deterioro y estrategias de conservación” (2019)
- EC project (7FP) TeACH “Technologies and tools to prioritize Assessment and diagnosis of air pollution impact on immovable and movable Cultural Heritage”, (2008-2011)
- EC project (7FP) NANOMATCH “Nano-systems for the conservation of immoveable and moveable polymaterial Cultural Heritage in a changing environment”, (2011-2014)
- Interreg Central Europe "Risk assessment and sustainable protection of Cultural Heritage in changing environment, ProteCHt2save" (2017–2020) - www.interreg-central.eu/Content.Node/ProteCHt2save.html
Current involvement in Research and Innovation actions
- Interreg Central Europe “STRENgthening resilience of Cultural Heritage at risk in a changing environment through proactive transnational cooperation, STRENCH (2020-2022)
- HORIZON2020,"Technological Consortium to Develop Suistanability in Underwater Cultural Heritage", TECTONIC, (2020-2024)